Amit Rai Jain, director of Baraut-based Shahjad Rai Research Institute made the discovery. Recently, a news was posted by Sandeep Rai in Time of India. With the help of this post, we are sharing the same news…

Meerut: The discovery of a copper vessel, which local historians claim, belongs to the Harappan period, from an ancient mound at Putthi village of Baghpat has generated a lot of curiosity among local residents and scholars. A former official of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) said the interesting discovery and other such finds in the region in recent years warrant extensive excavation here.

Kamal Sharma, former superintending archaeologist, ASI (excavation section), said, “This is definitely an interesting find and, in fact, all the similar findings found in 200km-radius should be combined to initiate exhaustive research.”

Amit Rai Jain, director of Baraut-based Shehzad Rai Research Institute, who had found a human skeleton wearing a copper crown with carnelian beads in Chandayan village of Baghpat in 2014, made the discovery.

The area had thrown many Harappan-era finds during an ASI excavation here in 2005. Harappan age pottery and skeletons were unearthed at an ancient burial site in Sinauli village of the district in 2005.

Dr KK Sharma, associate professor, department of history, Multani Mal PG college in Modinagar, said, “Ever since the discovery of two mounds in Rakhigarhi of Hisar district in Haryana, the archaeologists firmly believe that Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan is no longer the biggest Harappan site as it was believed earlier. The 350 hectares of this site makes it the biggest by any standards. Similarly, Ghaziabad’s Alamgirpur village, which was considered to be the eastern limit of the Harappan civilization, might have to give way to Baghpat. However, a lot of study and research is needed to establish that the region was part of Harappan culture.”

Use of copper in the Harappan culture has been a matter of curiosity among scholars. Copper artefacts have always been found at larger and more economically developed settlements. Copper items are relatively scarce either because of limited availability or perhaps it was a symbol of status among the inhabitants. Scholars have also indicated that the metal may have passed on from generation to generation and recycled. The Harappans mostly preferred pure copper and only 30% of the 177 copper artefacts found from Harappa and Mohenjo-daro werge alloyed (DP Agrawal, The Indus Civilization: An Interdisciplinary Perspective 2007).